What is GERD?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), gastric reflux disease, or acid reflux disease is defined as chronic symptoms or mucosal damage produced by the abnormal reflux in the esophagus.

What causes GERD?

GERD is caused by reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus. In many patients, this is caused by a relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which allows food and liquids to pass into the stomach, and closes to prevent food and stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus.

How is GERD treated?

GERD is best treated by avoiding alcohol, eating smaller meals, wearing loose-fitting clothing, and lying down after meals. There are over-the-counter antacids that help control GERD, but other medication is also available.

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