What is Osteopenia?

Osteopenia refers to below-average to low bone mineral density (BMD), measures the level of minerals in the bones, and indicates how dense and strong one’s bones are. Some naturally have a lower BMD than others, while others decrease due to age and lifestyle. Those with osteopenia have a greater risk for osteoporosis.

What causes Osteopenia?

As bones deteriorate over time, age is one of the leading factors for osteopenia. Bones become thinner, and as a result, bones lose minerals, mass, and structure, weakening them and putting them at greater risk of breaking. Other causal factors include: eating disorders, radiation exposure, sedentary lifestyles, smoking, alcohol abuse, and excessive cola drinking. Women are more at risk then men for osteopenia.

How is Osteopenia treated?

Osteopenia is initially treated with dietary changes, in order to prevent it from becoming osteoporosis. Supplements such as Calcium and Vitamin D are helpful, as is exercise and reducing intake of tobacco and alcohol. Medicine can be used to help reverse osteopenia.

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